Bulletin 05/2010 in English

For translations reasons we spent almost a week and half to edit the bulletin in English. Very sorry about that.
Please find on the following link the last CDXC bulletin.
For those who are going to Friedrichshafen, we will meet there at the CDXC booth.

1998-01 Bulletin CDXC de janvier 1998

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The story of FH/G3SWH

Over each of the past few years, Jim, G3RTE, and I have made at least one CW only DX-pedition together and when we left Guyana after the 8R1PW operation we planned that 2009 would be no exception.  It was a fairly quick decision that our next destination would be the French island of Mayotte at the northern end of the Mozambique Channel about midway between Madagascar and Mozambique.


The early sea-faring Arabs called these islands Djazair al Qamar (Islands of the Moon), which has been corrupted over the centuries into Les Comores in French and The Comoros in English.  Until the 18th century, the islands were ruled by a series of often warring tribal leaders but in 1782 Sultan Abdallah took control and sought aid and protection from the British but little stability resulted until the mid-19th century when, in 1843, the group was ceded to France and the islands became a haven for French planters and slaveholders who established sugar cane estates.  Mayotte was the only island in the archipelago that voted in referendums in 1974 and 1976 to retain its link with France and forgo independence.  The Comoros continue to claim the island, and a draft 1976 United Nations Security Council resolution would have recognized Comororian sovereignty over Mayotte, but France vetoed it.  Since 1995, the subject of Mayotte has not been discussed by the General Assembly.


Geologically, the archipelago is of volcanic origin and Mayotte is the oldest of the group, at around 15 million years.  The only one with an encircling coral reef, Mayotte is now characterised by relatively low, rounded hills, the highest of which is Mount Benara, reaching a modest 660-metres.


As with most tropical places, Mayotte experiences only two seasons.  The hot, wet and extremely humid period falls between November and April and the rest of the year may be described as “cool”.  The average, year-round coastal temperature is 25o and it rarely varies by more than 4oC.


Mayotte itself actually consists of a main island, Grande-Terre (or Mahoré), of around 356 sq. KM and a smaller island, Petite-Terre (or Pamanzi) of around 18 sq. KM, and several minor islets around these two.


Unlike Reunion, which is an Overseas Department, or French Polynesia, which is Overseas Territory, Mayotte is an Overseas Collectivity and enjoys the same status as a part of metropolitan France as St Pierre et Miquelon off the Newfoundland coast.  An election on becoming an Overseas Department of France is scheduled for later in 2009.  The subtle differences between the three definitions are beyond me, but the important thing from the amateur radio point of view is that Mayotte falls within the definition of CEPT Recommendation T/R 61-01, so licensing is not an issue provided that operators hold Full Licences.  We discussed and rejected the possibility of obtaining one of those strange, special French calls, as they give no indication of the correct DXCC entity and therefore cause much confusion.




There have been several recent DX-peditions to Mayotte, including two by Nigel, G3TXF, in 2000 and 2006 (in conjunction with Roger, G3SXW, in 2000), one by John, G4IRN, in 2003 and two in 2008, by Alan, F6BFH, and Georg, DK7LX, as TX7LX, all of which operated a fair amount of CW, so Mayotte is not very high on the various Most Wanted lists.  Of course, it was extremely helpful to have the local knowledge of these other operators to draw upon and we had very little difficulty in deciding upon where to stay: the Hotel Trevani on the north coast of Grande-Terre.  We even had recommendations as to which were the best rooms to take!


Getting there was a little more difficult.  The options were to fly via Paris to Reunion with Air France and then to Mayotte with Air Austral, which really is the scenic (and very expensive) route.  I was given to understand that there was a connection from the Seychelles, but couldn’t find any information, and finally tracked down reasonably priced flights from London via Nairobi with Kenya Airways.


It was in early August 2008 that Jim, G3RTE dropped his bombshell and informed me that he would be unable to join me on the trip for personal reasons.  Naturally, after so many successful DX-peditions together, I was extremely disappointed but at the same time grateful that he had given me plenty of notice.  Consequently, I set about trying to find a companion from amongst the hard core of the UK’s travelling CW operators and who was preferably also a FOC member.  After several false starts and almost on the point of giving up, I bumped into Richard, G3RWL, at the RSGB HF Convention, who expressed great interest and was able to confirm within a few days that he would be able to join me.  The original plan was for my non-amateur friend, Bill Vincent, who had been with Jim and me to Wasini Island (5Z4WI) and to Montserrat (VP2MTE), to travel with us.  Quite apart from being extremely good company, Bill would have a virtually empty suitcase and speaks better than passable French.  With Richard’s decision to join us, I booked the flights with Kenya Airways for the three of us for dates leaving the UK on 25th February and returning on 6th March 2009 and confirmed them with the Hotel Trevani by e-mail, clearly stating that we wanted rooms 101 and 107 facing directly on to the beach.  Amazingly, they did not require a deposit!


Unfortunately, early in 2008, Bill had developed a medical problem and although this was responding to treatment, his specialist advised him not to make any long-haul travel arrangements.  Consequently, in late November, he was force to withdraw and to forfeit his deposit for the flights.  Even with the 2 x 23 KG per person baggage allowance by Kenya Airways, this meant that Richard and I would need to be very careful with what equipment we took.




The subject of antennas promoted much debate.  The hotel is located right on the beach and has a wonderful take off to the north over the sea for almost 180 degrees.  Looking at the great circle map, this gave good coverage from the southern USA through Europe and Asia to Japan.  G3SXW, G3TXF, G4IRN and DK7LX had all operated from the Hotel Trevani and used verticals mounted on the beach near the high tide line, with great success.  I must confess to being somewhat prejudiced against verticals, not because they don’t work as well as horizontal wires but primarily because they tend to be “over gauge” as far as aircraft hold baggage is concerned and I’ve had two previous operations severely restricted as a result of the airline losing the ski bag containing verticals on the outgoing flight.  After much discussion, Jim, G3RTE eventually persuaded Richard to borrow two 10-metre long telescopic fishing poles.  Richard took his usual quarter-size, half-size and a full-size G5RVs and lots of coax.  I took my tried and tested doublet with a 30-metre top which fits very nicely into a suitcase.


In early December I issued a short press release officially announcing our DX-pedition to the various DX bulletins under the single callsign of FH/G3SWH.  The announcement contained the fateful words “there may be some 160-metre CW activity”.  Mayotte is quite rare on the low bands and we were inundated with requests for skeds from all over the world.  Although we tried to explain that any such activity would be entirely subject to QRN, antenna space and local site conditions, the 160-metre gang was quite insistent and Richard was quite keen to satisfy as many of them as possible.  I’m afraid that, having previously tried to operate on the low bands from that part of the world as 5H1/G3SWH and 5Z4WI, I remained skeptical.


The official language is French but a version of Swahili is widely spoken, together with numerous local dialects.  English is quite rare and both Richard and I spent some time before travelling polishing up our very rusty French.


Richard and I met at Heathrow’s Terminal 4 and literally bumped into Ted, 5Z4NU, at the check in desk.  Ted is an old friend from the 5Z4LI and 5Z4WI operations and had been in the UK for medical reasons.  The overnight, outgoing flight was uneventful and after a short stop over in Nairobi, we boarded the flight to Mayotte, arriving there in the late morning, local time.  The temperature was 31oC, quite a shock after a cold February day in London!  The baggage all arrived, but we were given a bit of a hard time by the local Customs officers, who seemed to think that we were carrying some sort of goods for sale.  My limited French wasn’t up to the task, but they eventually let us go without demanding any duty or confiscating anything.  The airport is actually on Petite-Terre and it is necessary to take the ferry across to Mamoudzou on Grande-Terre, which runs at half-hourly intervals.  I was expecting to be met by a driver from the hotel, but nobody was there, so we grabbed a taxi to the Gare Maritime at Dzaoudzi and boarded the ferry, taking another taxi for the 11 KM journey to the hotel.  Whilst we got ripped off by the two taxi drivers, nobody asked us for a fare for the ferry.


Despite the clear request in my booking e-mail, the hotel had put us in adjacent rooms, 106 and 107.  Fortunately, the manager spoke reasonable English and, together with my limited French, we explained that we wanted to be as far away from each other as possible.  He couldn’t do anything immediately, but the next day Richard moved about 100-metres away to room 102.  The rooms were very comfortable with en-suite facilities and air conditioning, which is most important in that climate.


After a quick lunch, we set about viewing the antenna possibilities.  There is a screen of palm trees overhanging the beach between the high tide line and the beachfront rooms, but they are very close together.  There is a track owned by the hotel immediately behind the beachfront rooms and another row of rooms behind that.  The land rises steeply behind this second row of rooms and is populated by some much taller palm and baobab trees.  Unfortunately, this hill effectively blocks all signals to the south of the site.  My catapulting skills were severely tried attempting to get lines over these trees, but eventually I managed to get my doublet running east/west between two of the tallest at a height of around 15-metres to the centre.  In anticipation of his move the next day, Richard used one of the fishing rods and rigged his half-sized G5RV.  We quickly set up the stations and Richard made the first QSO with ZS5LB on 30-metres at 16:03 UTC on 26th February.  I started off on 40-metres but, after calling CQ for quite a while, had only managed to work VU2TS.  Despite both of us using Dunestar filters we suffered a high degree of mutual interference, because the antennas were so close together, so I left Richard to a nice run on 30-metres, unpacked and had a much needed early night.


I was up early the next morning and had a nice run of mainly far eastern stations on 20-metres.  After breakfast, we moved Richard to his new room and, once again using my fabled catapulting skills, rigged his full sized G5RV parallel to the beach and between two convenient trees, almost end to end with my doublet.  We also rigged his quarter sized G5RV at a different angle.  Both antennas were at about 15-metres to the centre.  It was then that we were able to settle down and to run the pile-ups, which were quite ferocious at times and much more intense than Richard had previously experienced on any of his previous DX operations.  We worked many old friends who greeted us by name:  Richard was often called Phil, I was often called Dick and we were both often called Roger (whoever he might be).  Thankfully, the move had obviated the mutual interference problems although we both continued to use the Dunestar filters.  The QSO total racked up steadily and we saw little of each other except at meal times when we discussed performance and strategy whilst watching the nightly display of lightning flashes.




I was aware from my correspondence with the hotel that telecommunications were not very good but we had been hoping for good Internet access from the hotel.  Whilst the manager was happy for us to use his office computer (which had a French keyboard, of course), it was via a very slow and extremely unreliable dial-up connection.  Of the three cell phones we had between us, only one connected to a local network but we were at least able to send and receive text messages.


Given the interest in low band activity, we tried 80-metres on the evening of 27th February and called CQ laboriously with only one QSO with ZS1JX, who was obviously having trouble hearing us.  The QRN level was very high, not unexpectedly given the lightning, and we made no other QSOs that evening.  Richard was anxious to try 160-metres and, as there was no room to erect a separate antenna for that band, proposed laying out two 40-metre radials along the high tide line and to strap together the feeder on the full-sized G5RV.  We kept in touch with Bernie, W3UR of “Daily DX” fame, by text message and arranged a sked for 2nd March.  Bernie was requested to publish this information so as to maximize the opportunities for QSOs with the USA and Europe, depending upon the success of which we could arrange further skeds for far eastern and Pacific stations.  Richard did manage a QSO with W3UR but only made four other 160-metre QSOs that evening.  Being 2 a.m., Richard had big trouble keeping his eyes open.  We’re both of us getting too old for these late night sessions!


Previously that same evening, Richard had once again tried 80-metres and managed to make 35 QSOs with European stations in an hour under heavy QRN.  Surprisingly, he said that the QRN was less on 160-metres than on 80-metres.  Next day we agreed that we had tried and could consider our efforts an honourable failure, deciding that our time would be better used giving out QSOs on the higher bands than fighting the QRN and that there would be no more 80-metre or 160-metre operation.  With the benefit on hindsight, the timing of our DX-pedition could have been better as far as the low bands were concerned, as it fell during the rainy season.  When I got home, Georg, DK7LX told me that, at the time of his June 2008 operation, QRN was quite manageable.


Richard also discovered an interesting point about receiving through heavy QRN. Those people who sent their CW too fast just got chopped up by the QRN. It seemed to be best when the CW speed is about the same as the shot-rate of the static crashes. Those who slowed down (to about 17-18 WPM) got through, but they had to be pretty strong anyway just to beat the noise level. He could hear lots of stations running fast but they didn’t beat the noise.


On the afternoon of 3rd March, we were visited by Alain, FH1LE, who is an English teacher in one of the local schools and his English is excellent.  Alain and I had been in contact via e-mail prior to leaving the UK and had sorted out some very important details for us when I couldn’t get replies from the hotel direct due to the poor Internet access.  The weather that afternoon was appalling, with extremely heavy rain and Alain got soaked. I had hoped that he would have been able to join us for a meal but we did manage a beer or two whilst chatting and counting the time between the lightning flashes and the claps of thunder.


Richard had announced that he wanted to operate some RTTY or PSK31 once the pile-ups had died down, but they never did.  He did try RTTY on both 20 and 15 metres, but could not generate very much interest, making only 8 QSOs in total.


The table below shows the full QSO breakdown by band and mode:















































We were quite delighted that 12 –metres and to a lesser extent 10-metres opened to Europe during our operation.  The trick seemed to be to announce the intention to QSY from a different band once the pile-up had been reduced, rather than just to go on and call CQ on what appeared to be an otherwise dead band.


As always, stations making duplicate QSOs were a problem.  In the light of previous conversations with G3SXW, G3RTE and others, Richard and I resolved to log all duplicate QSOs on this trip.  I started off doing exactly that, but the numbers were just too high to be as the result of missed acknowledgements so that after the second day I refused to work or log any duplicate QSOs.  I firmly believe that the vast majority of such QSOs are as a result of bad operating and should be treated as such.  Richard thought it was quicker just to work them rather than argue and ended up with 107 dupes compared to my 35. Dupe policy is obviously a matter of personal preference.


Earlier in the year, I challenged a well known G3 operator as to why he was attempting to make a second 160-metre CW QSO with ZD8UW, only to be told that he was “testing the ZD8’s receiving set up”.  Words failed me, I’m afraid.


All too soon it was time for us to go QRT.  By one of those strange coincidences, Richard made the last QSO with Georg, DK7LX, who had operated from the Hotel Trevani as TK7LX in 2008.  Georg later told me that we’d given him four new band slots.  The timings of the flights back meant that there would be no activity on the morning of 5th March, as originally planned.  We needed to be up at dawn to take down the antennas and pack up before the taxi back to the airport left at 9.15 a.m.  Once again, we got ripped off by the taxi drivers but, again, somehow managed not to pay for the ferry across to Petite-Terre.  The girl at the airport check-in desk wanted to charge us excess baggage but when we explained that we were traveling on to London, she relented.  The flight actually landed at Moroni in the Comoros to refuel, and I managed a very sneaky extra DXFC, much to the amusement of the cabin attendant.  There was a six hour wait between flights in Nairobi, which is not the most comfortable of airports, although the flights themselves were uneventful.  The temperature in London when we arrived was -1oC and I had to scrape the frost off the windscreen of the car before I could drive home.  Quite a shock to the system, believe me!  Richard took the London underground from Heathrow to his local station, where Sylvia collected him.


Richard has asked me to add his personal apologies for not sending the callsign often enough early in the trip.  In the heat of a pile-up it’s easy to forget this and experienced DX operators discipline themselves to do it.  New DX-pedition operators might want to take note of this.


It was extremely disappointing to download the Cluster spots from DX-Summit and to find that we had been the subject of pirate activity, particularly on 80-metres SSB after we had closed down.  I just hope that the pirate didn’t disappoint too many people.


The logs have been uploaded to and are fully searchable on my web site (www.g3swh.org.uk/mayotte.html) and Richard, G4ZFE, has kindly modified his Searchlog program to show the operator’s callsign against each QSO.  Special, colour photo QSLs have been printed and are available direct with SAE and adequate return postage (recommended).  Bureau cards can be requested from the web site and will be processed as quickly as possible.  Cards are also available via the traditional bureau route.  Logs will be uploaded to LoTW after I have weeded out as many of the inevitable busted calls as practicable, probably in July or August 2009.


Our particular thanks go to our XYLs, Sylvia and Jan for allowing us to go; to Jim, G3RTE for the loan of equipment and to all the staff at the Hotel Trevani (www.hoteltrevanimayotte.com/) for making this DX-pedition possible, as well as to all of our sponsors (RSGB, Chiltern DXC, GDXF and Clipperton DXC) for their support and for making this DX-pedition possible.





K5D story


Bob Allphin, K4UEE K5D DXpedition co-leader and a veteran of eight Top-Ten DXpeditions said, “I’ve never heard anything like this!” as he operated his first shift on the radio. The pileups were tremendous! And so it began….. the 2009 edition of the DXpedition to this rare DXCC location.


This DX adventure included world-renowned and novice DXpeditioners, federal and state governments as well as federal agencies and services were also a part of this collage of entities that led to this Top-ten DXpedition becoming a reality. Here is the story of this adventure of a lifetime.



Desecheo was created as a National Wildlife Refuge in 1976 and is administered by the United State Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS).  In March 1979, Desecheo was recognized by the ARRL’s DXCC program as a new entity under the separate administration criteria, after the first operation by KP4AM/D.  During the 1980’s and early 1990’s there were 10 operations from Desecheo which kept the demand for KP5 fairly low but in the mid 90’s things changed and Special Use Permits were no longer issued and Desecheo slowly crept up the most wanted list.    The frustrations between the amateur radio community and FWS mounted.  There were repeated denials for Special Use Permits; there were appeals, lawsuits, and a bill introduced in the U. S. House of Representatives.  There was a rogue radio operation, which was accepted for DXCC credit, but was conducted without the permission of the FWS.  All of these actions increased the tensions between hams and FWS, but eventually would lead to a compromise.  By now Desecheo was squarely in the Top Ten Most Wanted DXCC List along with the likes of North Korea and Yemen.


Finally, the breakthrough came in January of 2008 and culminated mid-summer when the U. S. Fish & Wildlife sent out a RFP (Request for Proposal) to every radio group and individual that had requested a Special Use Permit to operate from Desecheo in the previous 5-10 years.  Their offer was for a 14-day operation with a maximum of 15 operators sometime in the fall of 2008.  Fish and Wildlife would evaluate each proposal on a point system based on a stringent list of nine items. A three-person panel would review the proposals received. The deadline for proposals was August 15th, 2008 and seven proposals were received.  Finally on October 1st, it was announced that the winning proposal was submitted by The KP1-5 Project team. (This group of people had been involved since 2002 trying to activate both Desecheo and Navassa.) A few weeks later the decision was made that the operation would take place not in the fall of 2008, but sometime in January – March 2009 timeframe.




Bob Allphin, K4UEE, and Glenn Johnson, MD, W0GJ were co-leaders.   It would require nearly a week in Puerto Rico to gather provisions and collect equipment for our operation.   After a two week operation, it would take some time to dismantle, clean and store/ship equipment.   The minimum time commitment for the entire operation would be 3½ weeks.   Many of the team had jobs that prohibited them from a commitment this long.  Therefore a plan was developed for three teams.  Team 1 would be present from start to finish.   Team 2 would be present to prepare and operate the first week.   Team 3 would arrive at the midpoint and stay to pack things up.   This helped give seven more people a chance to participate in a very rare DX entity, and provide fresh operators.




The island’s overall ranking of #6 most needed in the world. It was #3 in EU and #2 in Asia; this was a factor of 2+ more important in these regions. Therefore, early in the planning stages it was determined that Europe and Asia would be a primary focus for the DXpedition.

Because of antenna location of previous operations, EU was always at a disadvantage. We knew that we had to make a serious effort to get as many EU operators in the log as possible.

We knew that we must have a very good signal in order to work the pileup down. The Co-leaders made our intentions known early by issuing press releases explaining that when the band was open to a specific area that we would have everyone else QRX.

The Reconnaissance Trip – Four members of the team flew to Puerto Rico in mid-December for a reconnaissance mission.   They worked on transportation to Desecheo from Puerto Rico, looked for storage facilities for our equipment, had a meeting with FWS officials, and found sources for our supplies.  The highlight of the trip came on day three of our stay when they visited Desecheo.  There would be no radio, only a site survey to plan our station locations and antenna placement. Additionally, areas would be swept for UXO.

Preparing for Europe

Previous operations from Desecheo did not have good antenna locations to provide unobstructed paths to Europe.  Antennas were usually placed on the beach and were satisfactory for North America, South America, and to some extent, Asia, but the path to Europe was blocked.  While on the island, Ralph, K0IR crawled through a row of brush at the north end of the helipad.  He had found a small clearing about 100 feet above the sea.  It would be an excellent site for a small yagi and a vertical.  It would work well for a path to North America and Asia.  He continued to survey the landscape and spotted a high ridge to the east of the helipad.  He asked a FWS official if he could climb to the ridge and was told he could.  After climbing to the top of ridge, he looked in amazement.  When he stood atop the ridge, there was nothing between him and Europe except salt water. He shouted to the rest of the team, waving for them to come to the ridge.  A 30 meter vertical, an 80 meter vertical, and a WARC beam in would be placed in this area.  Europe would hear us!

Getting There……

When we talk about arrival and departure for Desecheo 2009 there are three parts to the story, i.e. to Puerto Rico, to the west coast and to the island. Each is a story unto itself. Here is that story…………….





Departure for Puerto Rico would begin with Team 1 and 2. Team 3 would follow in just under two weeks. Our Team consisted of hams from coast to coast, north to south of the United States, Canada and Puerto Rico. The K5D team did their part to support the airline carriers in North America. Most of the team departed from their homes and arrived in San Juan on February 7th.

No story about Desecheo 2009 would be complete without the following: All of our plans were falling into place nicely.   However, five days before the team would depart for Puerto Rico; we were informed that the Super Puma helicopter, that was planned, would NOT be available.   It was being fitted with new instrumentation and the process would not be complete until March and the helicopter could not fly until then. We were back to square one with transportation.  We could not find a large enough boat to handle all of our gear.  Would we have to resort to the MicroLite-type of DXpedition? Therefore, the first order of business when we reached the west coast would be to determine the options that would be available. The success of the operation hung in the balance.

Our first evening in Puerto Rico, we had dinner with some local hams; one was an influential member within the Puerto Rican government and we discussed our dilemma with our host at dinner that night. You will understand the significance of that in a later.

The following morning we underwent Unexploded Ordinance (UXO) training. This was a requirement in order to gain access to island and specified in the Special Use Permit that would be issued. Following the training, we were ready to head west. Our destination was Rincon located on the west coast of Puerto Rico. Our transportation arrived at the hotel and after an hour of loading we were underway.


The destination was the Lazy Parrot Hotel in Rincon. Rincon is lovely town on the west coast of Puerto Rico a mere 14 miles from Desecheo Island. Due to chance on-air meeting by team member K9SG with WP3R, we stopped by the Arecibo Observatory (www.naic.edu/) which was on the way. Gary learned that Angel worked at the observatory and we could have a private tour of the facility. We will all tell you that if you ever have the chance to visit Arecibo, do it. It is truly an amazing place. You won’t be sorry. As we arrived at the observatory, we OBSERVED that our bus had a major problem. The transmission of the bus was going out. We went on with the tour while the driver arranged for another bus.


We finished the fascinating tour, transferred the bags and we were off again; however we are woefully behind schedule. Bob, K4UEE spent the majority of the remaining time on the highway on the cell phone arranging for our late arrival with the rental car company and others. Team 3-member Eladio, WP3MW played a vital part in this and countless other aspects of our time in Puerto Rico.




We finally arrive at the Lazy Parrot and settled in for four hard days of preparation. Just down the road from the hotel was an incredible view of the island (see below). The first order of business Monday morning was to resolve our transportation dilemma. As this got underway, other teams headed out to arrange for equipment that were shipped prior to our arrival to be delivered to the staging area; while other teams set out to buy the supplies that were available locally. Mayaguez, just south of Rincon, is a large city with all the stores we needed to fill out the supply list.

By the end of the first day in Rincon a small flotilla of boats had been arranged for to take the place of the helicopter. The DXpedition would proceed but with a radically changed plan that all centered on the weather and sea conditions; conditions were not good. For the first three days we would look out at the island and see a daily deluge of rain and the ocean was getting increasingly rough, too rough to be safe but…..

To make a long story short, with less than 48 hours before our permit became effective, the original helicopter company was back in the mix although the big aircraft was still not available. Additionally, another company with an A-Star helicopter was available. That meant that two smaller aircraft would carry all the equipment, supplies and personnel. We are almost back to the original plan. Remember the influential member of the government. Relief!

By the evening of February 11, we had staged all of our equipment for an early morning departure.   Instead of 4-5 flights with the Super Puma, finishing by noon, it took a total of 39 helicopter flights over 1½ days to get all of our gear to Desecheo!   Desecheo usually bakes in the sun while the west coast of Puerto Rico will get thunderstorms.   There were some afternoon thunderstorms that delayed flights.   The helicopters flew until dark.

On Desecheo, the first loads were people and antennas.  During the first day, antennas were assembled; coax run and the generators were set up to power the camp.   It was after dark, and with the help of floodlights, that we finally were able to assemble our shelters.   It would have been impossible to do this with the helicopter traffic during the day.    The rest of our supplies arrived the next day and were landed away from the helipad.


K5D on the Air! 

The helicopter plan was the right decision and fortunately it worked out. The seas were high on D-day and we would likely have been delayed and certainly exhausted if we had used the boat option.


The first helicopter flight with five team members departed for Desecheo at 12:40Z on February 12th.  All during the day the 6350kg of equipment and supplies was ferried to the island antennas were assembled, coax run, generators set up and power cables put in place. High winds passing thunderstorms on Puerto Rico during the day delayed several of the flights, but we flew until sunset.  Only then could the shelters be erected, as the helicopter prop wash would have blown them down.  After sunset, the team had a quick meal and started building the camp under the glare of floodlights. Everyone slept well the first night; we were all exhausted!


At first light on our second day on the island, everyone was up again and completed setting up the operations tents, a few stations and enough antennas to get on the air. At 16:00Z… operations began!  We put our best operators on in order to handle the huge pileups.  John, W2GD opened up 20m CW and Jerry, WB9Z on 17m SSB.  After a brief celebration, which included the FWS security personnel assigned to keep us safe, antenna work and station setup continued. 24-hours later, we had 10,000 Q’s in the log as we ramped up radio operations.


On Saturday, February 14th, ‘Camp Desecheo’ is fully operational.  The operator schedule was implemented and everyone starts the daily routine of operating, eating, antenna and camp maintenance and rest.  Sleeping during the day is difficult because of the heat.


The pileups were tremendous!  Bob, K4UEE a veteran of eight Top-Ten DXpeditions said, “I’ve never heard anything like this!”  Because Desecheo was ranked #2 in Asia and #3 in Europe, the team was very diligent about exploiting the openings to these areas on every band.  As the days past, the QSO count rapidly climbed.


The Team 2/3 rotation was scheduled for February 19th.This was to take place with a 32 foot fishing boat hired for that purpose but the weather continued to impact our plans. To our dismay, a large low-pressure system to the north and west of Desecheo began to form and 18-foot seas were predicted for the next 48 hours.  The seas far exceeded these predictions. The morning of February 19th, Bob, K4UEE, George, N4GRN, Mike, NA5U and the head of the FWS Security team, checked the boat landing site at 5:00 am and again at 11:00 am local time.  Waves 6-10-feet high were smashing into the boat landing area and then crashing onto the small beach beyond.  It was obvious that a boat landing was not only impossible but potentially deadly!  The decision was made that the only safe way to make the change was again by helicopter. The rotating team members and the DXpedition shared the cost of this decision. The arrangements were made and four hours later Team 2 was at the bar in Rincon and Team 3 was either going through orientation or already on the air.

Surf conditions continued to worsen. FWS officials said they had never seen them this bad. In addition to changing the team transition plan, antennas were torn down. High winds played havoc with the camp tents requiring much attention to keep them in-place. Weather was definitely a factor in this DXpedition.

The resupply boat arrived on the 21st with fresh water and fuel so we could run the amplifiers again! This also allowed the FWS team to transition. The weather continued to be a problem with this being the hottest day on the island. Moving the supplies to camp was an exhausting and took its toll on team members.




On February 24th K5D surpassed the 100K Q’s count on.  Our official goal before the trip was 80K QSOs; so we felt very good about the 100K milestone. We also felt our goal of working many EU stations was achieved. Even though the pileups never really died down, we hope all that needed at least one contact got it.

Camp teardown begins on the 25th and eight helicopter flights begin the process of moving everything and everyone back to Puerto Rico.  Flights were suspended at sundown and scheduled to resume early the following morning.  Three stations stayed on the air the last night, and more QSOs were logged on the low bands.

At sunrise on 26th, we finished breaking camp.  Radio operations stopped at 0939Z on 40m SSB with K6BAG as our last contact.  The final QSO count was 115, 787! Desecheo 2009 is not in the history books.


K5D now ranks #7 among DXpeditions based on QSOs.  K5D ranks #1 for the most QSOs on 30m.  With more than 40% of the total QSOs coming from Europe and Asia the team felt they had done their best to accommodate those regions where demand for a QSO was highest.  We had a total of 32,807 unique QSO’s in the log.  This measure is probably more indicative of our success in giving a Desecheo QSO to those who need it the most.




Here are some statistics from a European perspective:















Band and mode
































































Country details are provided as an attachment.



We want to thank the Clipperton DX Club for their support. We sincerely hope that your membership was able to work K5D. Without organizations like yours, DXpeditions like this would not take place. We sincerely thank you!






VY0A – Ile Fox au Nunavut

Les alentours de Churchill sont connus sous le nom de “la capitale du monde des ours polaires”. Une grande variété d’oiseaux font là-bas leurs nids en été, quand les foques et bien d’autres animaux marins et terrestres y foisonnent. La présence de cette riche faune a mené il y a quelques années à la création de Churchill Wildelife Management Area. Celle-ci inclut l’île Fox désignée refuge des ours polaires et par conséquent hors limites pour les touristes. Cela m’a fait tenter de trouver d’autres potentiels candidats pour cette  escapade à NA-186, moins exigeante du point de vue logistique. Ainsi, avec l’aide de LeeAnn Fishback de Churchill Northern Studies Center j’ai exploré d’autres petites îles au long de la côte, à l’ouest de Churchill. Cependant, l’une après l’autre, j’ai dû conclure que nulle ne  se qualifiait. L’île Fox semblait être le seul choix possible.



La ville de Churchill, au Manitoba.


Une investigation plus détaillée m’a révélé la nécessité d’obtenir pour ce voyage à l’île Fox un permis spécial auprès de Conservation Authority. Mais en premier, il fallait établir, l’équipage de l’expédition. J’ai consulté plusieurs radio amateurs qui paraissaient intéressés à s’y joindre, mais malheureusement aucun d’eux n’a pu s’engager à cause de contretemps. Pour la protection et le support logistique on m’a recommandé de contacter Paul Ratson, propriétaire et opérateur de Nature 1st, un des services de guide les plus réputés.

Dès le début, Paul s’est entièrement engagé au projet et son aide a été essentielle au succès de cette opération. Il m’a expliqué que l’île était trop exposée et trop petite pour qu’on puisse assurer une quelconque protection contre les ours. Par conséquent, le voyage aurait été trop risquéé en été. La meilleure option était d’y aller tôt en avril, quand les animaux étaient encore dans le nord. à la recherche de nourriture. De plus, comme les eaux étaient encore gelées on pouvait traverser la baie en motoneige. Grâce aux interventions de Paul, un permis a été exceptionnellement accordé par le Ministère de la Conservation du Manitoba pour le voyage et le camping sur l’île, entre le 31 mars et 2 avril 2009. Deux guides de Nature 1st devaient m’accompagner en permanence durant mon séjour sur l’île. Par la suite Industry Canada a approuvé ma demande d’indicatif d’appel spécial, VY0A.



Pays de l’ours polaire: “Défense de marcher!”


Comme le permis limitait mon séjour sur l’île et gardant en mémoire les péripéties de l’année passée quand pendant cinq jours on a dû rester à Goose Bay en attendant que la météo s’améliore et qu’on puisse prendre un vol, j’ai décidé d’éviter cette fois-ci le voyage en avion. J’ai opté donc, pour le train de Winnipeg jusqu’à Churchill. En dépit de la longueur du trajet, 1700 km en 40 heures le voyage permet des interactions occasionnelles avec ceux qui s’aventurent vers le nord par ce temps. De cette façon, ce genre de voyage offre la possibilité  unique d’entendre toutes sortes d’histoires passées et plus récentes sur les gens et le pays du nord. Le train avait 5 wagons: un wagon-lit, un wagon-restaurant très chic et très bien déservi, deux wagons de passagers et un wagon-trémie. 11 passagers sont montés à Winnipeg, quelques-uns sont descendus, d’autres sont montés, mais à Churchill plus de 20 passagers sont descendus.



Cormorant, une petite localité située à mi-distance entre Winnipeg et Churchill.


Le train a quitté Winnipeg peu avant le coucher du soleil. Des centaines d’oies revenant de leurs vacances dans le sud, s’arrêtaient dans les champs et six chevreuils s’abreuvaient à 100 m des rails. Il faisait froid mais le ciel était bleu et le soleil brillait doucement. Petit à petit, les champs ont été remplacés par des forêts épaisses d’arbres, ensuite de conifères suivies par la tundra. Si à l’aube, les conifères ressemblaient à des silhouettes étranges, devenaient au cours de la journée argentés et puis d’un vert intense.Les lacs et les rivières étaient complètement gelés et la neige témoignait par les traces laissées du passage des miliers d’animaux à la recherche de vivres.

Finalement, on est arrivés au bout de notre parcours, à Churchill. Comme les jours précédents, le soleil brilliant et le ciel bleu sans nuage m’accueillaient chaleureusement. Il faisait très beau, pas la moindre brise. J’étais reposé et plein d’élan, prêt à partir et commencer mon aventure. J’avais deux guides: Sheldon Olivier et Matthew Ratson. Afin de maximiser l’opération sur l’île, Sheldon m’a attendu à la gare, tandis que Matthew et son berger allemand, Zed, nous attendaient sur l’île où les deux guides avant mon arrivée avaient déjà installé notre camp.



Les effets des marées hautes dans la baie d’Hudson.


Après 25 km en camionette, Sheldon et moi sommes arrivés à Churchill Northern Studies Center, là où la route s’arrête. Là-bas j’ai enfilé mon équipement hivernal et je me suis préparé pour une traversée de 20 km debout à l’arrière sur les patins du traîneau long de 3-4 m, attaché à la motoneige de Sheldon. Sous l’influence des marées, l’eau de la baie en hiver gèle et peut atteindre jusqu’à 1-1,5m de hauteur. De la sorte, la surface de l’eau n’est plus lisse comme une patinoire mais au contraire parsémée de formations glacières ayant l’aspect de cônes volcaniques dont la hauteur varie entre 20-40 cm jusqu’à la taille d’une personne moyenne.



La traversée en traîneau a été fort dure.


Si les chemins de terre étaient moins exigeants, voyager à travers cette surface pleine d’élévations où il n’y avait d’autre repère que les traces laissées auparavant par mes deux guides lorsqu’ils avaient transporté le nécessaire pour le campement, c’était une terrible aventure. Je gardais à peine mon équilibre sur les patins du traîneau, balloté en tous sens. Afin de gagner du temps, Sheldon a pris un raccourci, mais malgré tous ses efforts il n’a pas pu retrouver ses traces. Ainsi on a dû refaire tout le trajet dès le début ce qui nous a pris 3 heures et environ 55 km de parcours dans des conditions extrêmemement dures et éprouvantes pour moi du point de vue physique.

Si Sheldon s’est arrêté quelques fois pour me montrer l’oiseau officiel du Nunavut, le lagopède avec son plumage blanc comme la neige ou un renard polaire, je dois avouer qu’après toutes ces terribles secousses et dans des conditions si précaires (traîneau rigide, froid, position incomfortable, secousses violentes) je me demandais si je pouvais survivre. On est arrivés complétèment épuisés au camp au moment où le soleil descendait sous l’horizon. J’avais envie de me coucher tout de suite.



Le lagopède, l’oiseau-emblème du Nunavut.


Mais selon mon horaire j’étais en retard, donc je me suis mis à déballer mes affaires et installer l’antenne, pendant que mes compagnons préparaient le diner et essayaient de monter dans la tente un petit radiateur pour nous chauffer. Dehors, la nuit tombait rapidement et la température de même ce qui rendait l’installation de l’antenne d’autant plus difficile. J’ai dû me mettre les bottes car la neige était trop profonde. J’avais quatre batteries d’auto qu’on rechargeait par rotation, en utilisant un générateur à gaz de 800 W. En effet, on en avait deux, un de secours et qu’on employait pour les quelques ampoules  dont on se servait sous la tente. Malheureusement, le générateur créait trop d’interférence sur la bande de 30 et 40 m. Par conséquent, je ne pouvais charger les batteries que lorsque j’opérais sur 20 m. J’ai dû même éteindre les ampoules et utiliser une lampe de poche LCD pointée sur le registre des contacts.

La transmission radio a commencé à 3.30 UTC, le premier avril. Après quelques minutes les chasseurs aux îles m’ont découvert et la cacophonie a vite pris des proportions difficiles à gérer. Compte tenu de la puissance limitée et de l’antenne monodirectionelle et des conditions de propagation pauvres, j’ai estimé qu’une opération en morse pouvait permettre le contact avec un nombre plus important de radioamateurs. Je savais que le SSB était beaucoup plus populaire, mais dans les conditions sus-mentionnées, je crois que c’était la bonne décision.



Camp sur île Fox.


Les jours suivants, le beau temps a continué, mais durant la nuit c’était une autre histoire car la température descendait au-dessous de –20º C. Le petit radiateur que Sheldon et Matt ont installé avait comme rôle de maintenir une température minimale afin de ne pas geler pendant le sommeil dans nos sacs de couchage d’hiver. D’ailleurs, je n’avais pas planifié beaucoup de sommeil. Je portais tout l’équipement et ainsi je n’avais pas froid durant la nuit.. Pourtant, rester dans la même position assise pendant des heures et des heures, aurait engourdi n’importe qui. Malheureusement, je ne pouvais porter des gants et ainsi peu de temps après mes doigts étaient gelés. De temps en temps, je devais m’arrêter quelques minutes et les réchauffer devant le radiateur. Ça ne semblait pas être trop efficace mais l’idée seule me réchauffait.



Opérant de NA-186.


Le lendemain, on a reçu la visite des trois membres du Churchill Northern Studies Center, y compris LeeAnn, que j’ai finalement pu rencontrer après des mois et des mois d’échanges par téléphone et par courriel. On a pris quelques photos, on a causé un peu et ensuite je les ai laissés dans la compagnie de Sheldon et de Matt car je devais retourner à l’amoncelèment. Durant la journée, j’ai opéré sur 20 m et puis avec le crépuscule, j’ai passé sur la bande de 30 et plus tard dans la nuit sur celle de 40m.

L’opération au total a duré 66 heures y compris mes 6 heures de sommeil durant la deuxième et la troisième nuit combinées. J’ai fais un total de presque 3600 contacts sur les bandes de 20, 30, et 40 m avec 2800 différentes stations de 61 DXCC et provenant de six continents. Environ 85 % des contacts étaient en morse, le reste en SSB. J’ai utilisé une IC-7000 de 100W et une antenne multi-bandes à fil vertical et un mât téléscopique de 10m en fibres de verre. Voilà l’opération schématisée en tableaux:


CONT QSO   %        STN    %        DUPE


AF      6          <1       4          <1

AS      429      12        314      11        27

EU      1540    43        1216    44        139

NA      1565    44        1243    44        52

OC      11        <1       6          <1

SA      20        <1       15        <1       2


TOT    3571               2798               220



De gauche à droite: Matt (devant lui Zed), Cindy (de Churchill Center), Cezar et Sheldon.


Dans les conditions de propagation données, 6% de QSOs doubles (même bande, même mode) ce n’est peut-être pas excessif. Et pourtant, j’ai du mal à comprendre pourquoi ce pourcentage ait attaint 16% et 15% parmi les stations italiennes et françaises, surtout que beaucoup de ces stations figuraient déjà sur d’autres bandes et modes.

Les premières 10 entités DXCC par nombre de QSOs et stations sont:


#          DXCC            QSO   STN    DUPE


1          K         1348    1088    43

2          JA       365      267      22

3          DL      268      219      19

4          I          253      184      41

5          VE      193      136      8

6          UA      124      95        13

7          F         122      87        17

8          G         82        68        4

9          SM      80        57        5

10        UR      70        57        7


L’opération VY0A a pris fin le 3 avril à 22 UTC. Malgré les deux grands traîneaux disponibles pour le transport des provisions et de l’équipement, on ne pouvait pas faire un seul voyage. Les guides ont dû refaire le trajet les jours suivants afin de ramasser le reste des affaires.



Avant de quitter l’île on a fait des préparatifs et on a emballé l’équipement.

Le retour s’est déroulé sans péripéties. On est arrivés au centre vers le coucher du soleil. Mes deux guides m’ont conduit à Tundra Inn, un hôtel très chic à Churchill. Je pouvais finalment manger à mon gré car les rationnements sur l’île ne satisfaisent pas mon appetit. Je suis allé donc directement au The Gypsies, un fameux  restaurant tenu par une famille de Portugais de Montréal. Après le diner, je voulais prendre une douche à l’hôtel, mais probablement j’étais trop fatigué et je me suis endormi tout de suite. J’ai dormi 12 heures, manquant le petit-déjeuner du lendemain matin.



L’avenir des courses à traîneaux: les chiots husky.

Le lendemain, j’ai passé toute la journée à Churchill, flânant dans les ruelles, prenant des photos afin d’immortaliser les subtils changements du paysage hivernal de la baie d’Hudson et de la rivière Churchill. Churchill est une excellente destination touristique pour ceux qui s’aventurent à la découverte de l’Arctique. Chaque saison a ses charmes: l’hiver est la meilleure si on veut admirer l’aurore, le printemps si on veut observer la renaissance de la nature, les oiseaux qui viennent y faire leurs nids, l’automne si on veut voir les ours polaires se préparer pour le dur hiver et l’été si on veut voir les baleines et les bélugas. Outre tout cela, il y a une multitude d’activités en plein air qu’on peut explorer: des randonnées, du canot, de la motoneige, faire du traîneau tiré par des chiens, etc. Churchill abritte aussi quelques sites historiques comme Cape Merry, Prince of Wales Fort et le musée des Inuits qui comprend plus de 800 oeuvres d’art, expression du riche héritage autochtone et plus de 3000 objets des artisans locaux.

Je tiens à remercier ma femme, Lucia, et mon fils, Tiberius de leur compréhension pour ma passion et de leur appui moral inconditionnel. Mes remerciements sincères à Paul Ratson et aux deux guides, Matthew et Sheldon pour leur dévouement et travail au succès de l’opération ainsi qu’à LeeAnn Fishback du Studies Center, mon premier contact à Churchill. Egalement, je veux remercier mon ami, George Kennedy (VE3GHK) pour toute son aide indispensable.



Un palmier flottant en Artique: le drapeau IOTA.


Je voudrais aussi remercier pour l’appui financier reçu de IREF, ICOM Canada, GDXF, Swiss DX Foundation, Clipperton DX Club,  Mediterranean DX Club et Truro Amateur Radio Club. Je suis particulièrement redevable à W5BXX pour sa confiance et son appui enthousiaste. J’aimerais exprimer mon appréciation à mes principaux commanditaires individuels: JM1PXG, EA8AKN, JA5IU, JA8MS, JA1BPA, Anonymous (Tokyo), JF4VZT, N6PYN, VE1VOX, JE1DXC, SM6CVX, W3AWU et JA1QXY. Mille remerciements au suivants commanditaires individuels (listés en ordre alphabétique) pour leur aide généreuse: DL5ME, G4SOZ, I1SNW, I4GAD, I4GAS, I4MKN, IK8DDN, IT9YRE, JR0DLU, JH1IEE, JH1QVW, JA1SKE, JA2KVB, JE2QYZ, JA3FGJ, JA3UCO, JH4IFF, JA7DOT, JA9IFF, PT7WA, VE3IQ, VE3JV, VE3LDT, VE3UW, VE3VHB, VE3ZZ, VE7KDU, VE7QCR, VE7SMP, W1OX, WB2YQH, KD3CQ, W3FJ, WA3GNW, WA3HIC, W4DKS, W5GAI, KB5GL, WB5JID, W5VFO, W5ZPA, N6KW, N6VR, K9AJ. Fianalement, je remercie tous ceux qui ont pu inclure un don avec leur demande de QSL direct (voir VY0A sur QRZ.com).